Threat Scenarios conducts classes in several locations throughout the San Francisco Bay Area. Our primary live-fire range is the action shooting bays at Richmond Rod and Gun Club (behind the public ranges at 3155 Goodrick Ave, Richmond, CA 94801). Our shoothouse is located in Novato, CA, just by the SR-37 and US-101 intersection. We occasionally offer off-site classes on an as-needed basis.

We do not disclose the exact location of our shoothouse to non-clients for security reasons. If you sign up for a class which involves the shoothouse, we will provide the exact address in a welcome email.

Due to the nature of our training, we follow a strict code of conduct and weapons policy:

-NO CLIENT FIREARMS OR AMMUNITION ALLOWED IN THE SHOOTHOUSE. No exceptions. If you bring a gun or ammo to the shoothouse, you will be denied entry and not given a refund. Everyone will be pat-down searched prior to the class getting started.

-Client knives/striking weapons/mace/tasers/other potential weapons are not allowed in the shoothouse. If you have a pocketknife or something similar with you, just let us know and you’ll be asked to leave it with the rest of your stuff when you change into your gear.

-Do not strike, attempt to disarm, or otherwise attack the role players during a scenario. We understand that things can get heated, and pushing and shoving may be appropriate responses to certain stimuli, but you should not attempt to use hand to hand martial arts on a role player (such as punching, kicking, knees, elbows, palm strikes, locks, throws, etc). We have other classes to practice martial arts, and we cannot risk injury to students, role players, or instructors. If physical force is used toward role players, disciplinary action (including immediate expulsion from the class without a refund) will be left at the discretion of the instructor staff.

-Instructor commands must be followed at all times. If the stop command is given (usually signaled by an air horn), the scenario is over, full stop. Failure to abide by instructor commands may result in expulsion from the class without a refund.

-Protective equipment must be worn at all times. Removing any part of your protective equipment will result in the scenario being stopped. If you accidentally lose something or it becomes dislodged, it is your obligation to alert staff immediately, who will stop the scenario with a cease fire. You are ultimately responsible for your own safety.

-Scenarios are stressful, and will elevate your heartrate and require you to move quickly around rooms and obstacles. If you have any pre-existing medical condition which may preclude you from safely engaging in high-stress, high-movement activities, you must alert staff prior to registering for a class, and again prior to participating in any scenarios. Clients are again entirely responsible for their own safety in any Threat Scenarios events.

-Hate speech, and abusive/inflammatory language are expressly not allowed, and you may be removed from the class without a refund at the discretion of the instructor. To put this more clearly, if you are a racist, belong to some kind of anti-government militia, are looking for training on how to kill (as opposed to how to defend yourself), are prepping for the fall of society, are a member of any criminal or terrorist group, or behave in a threatening manner towards other students or staff, we do not want you in our classes. We expect our students to conduct themselves in a professional and courteous manner, and will not tolerate behavior to the contrary.

-Students MUST have a valid firearms safety certificate (for shoothouse only training), or show other evidence of firearm ownership (such as by bringing a personal firearm to a live-fire portion of the class, in which case the certificate is not required). This is to show us that you are able to legally own a firearm. If for some reason we discover that you’re prohibited from handling a firearm (any felony status, court order, addicted to narcotics, or any other class prohibited by the California DOJ), you will be ejected from the class immediately and reported to local law enforcement.

-If participating in a live-fire class, clients must bring their own firearm and other associated equipment (as described in the class description). This firearm must function reliably and safely. (Don’t be the guy who brings out that shiny 1911 which malfunctions every 6th round.) If an instructor determines at his/her sole discretion that your equipment cannot function reliably or safely, you may be asked to remove or replace it.

-Live fire events all begin on cold ranges. Do not come in with a holstered firearm (even if you’re a LEO.) Your firearm should be unloaded and boxed.

-Live fire events all follow standard IPSC/USPSA rules when it comes to safe areas, safe gun handling, and the 180 rule (among others). More detail is provided later in the FAQ (“What Do I Need to Know for a Live-Fire Class?”).

-Clients must bring their own ear and eye protection to live-fire range days. We require glasses to completely cover the eyes (preferably wrap around sunglasses). This is because we will be shooting steel, and fragmentation does occur. If at any point your protection fails, alert an instructor who will call an immediate cease-fire.

-Above all, by signing up for a class, clients acknowledge and expressly accept that they understand the risks of shooting a firearm (both live-fire and UTM), and that they are ultimately responsible for their own safety. Clients will be required to sign a waiver to this effect prior to starting any class.

Threat Scenarios restricts participants’ use of Photos and Video to the terms of our policy.

In addition to the Rules listed in this FAQ, if you’re attending a shoothouse event, the following is generally what to expect:

-Bring closed toe shoes and thick socks. All other protective equipment will be provided.

-The floor of the shoothouse is concrete. Standard athletic shoes are fine. You probably won’t get shot in the shoe, so don’t worry too much about damaging your favorite pair. Just bring what you normally would wear.

-Clients will always start upstairs in the shoothouse. We have a comfortable lounge, along with a kitchen, and a restroom dedicated for clients. There will be snacks, beverages, and lunch provided.

-Downstairs is used exclusively for drills/scenarios. You will first enter a staging area with all the UTM firearms, and will be given any props you’ll need. There will be a scenario briefing and equipment check prior to going inside.

-We have a laser-based shooting simulator which contains a variety of drills and scenarios which you can use to fill any downtime in your class.

-It is important to keep things moving during scenarios, so please be ready to go when your name is called.

-Following the scenario/drills, we will have a briefing with all the students upstairs as the shoothouse is prepped for the next scenario/drill.

-If at any point you are uncomfortable, or feel any adverse health effects, please alert an instructor immediately. All efforts will be made to accommodate you. Additionally, we will always offer a full refund for any student who must withdraw for any medical reason.

In addition to the Rules listed in this FAQ, if you’re attending a live-fire event, the following is generally what to expect:

-Live fire classes will always start with a safety briefing. Please make sure you show up at the designated time.

-We do not rent guns. Bring your own and make sure that it functions properly and safely. If you haven’t shot it in awhile, go to a local range and test it. If your gun doesn’t work, then you’ll be the one holding up the class.

-You will probably be required to bring a holster depending on the type of class. No crossdraw holsters, no shoulder holsters (unless you’re Steve McQueen, James Bond, or in the Secret Service and wearing a suit), no appendix carry holsters, no holsters which cannot safely and securely hold a firearm.

-We follow a strict set of safe gun handling rules (which are standard for all IPSC ranges):

*You should NEVER handle a firearm except under the supervision of an instructor or in a safe area.
*All holstered or boxed firearms must be brought into the range and kept UNLOADED except under the direct supervision of an instructor.
*If you need to holster up, or handle an unloaded gun, you may move to a designed SAFE AREA to do so. Handling of ammunition is NEVER allowed in safe areas, and the gun’s muzzle must be pointed at the berm at all times.
*You will MAKE READY prior to shooting a drill or stage. Until you’re asked to make ready, your gun will be unloaded and holstered with the hammer down.
*Once you’re done shooting a drill or stage, you’ll be asked to UNLOAD AND SHOW CLEAR, which means to remove the magazine, clear the chamber and show it’s clear.
*Next HAMMER DOWN, HOLSTER by dropping the hammer on an empty chamber.
*Unloaded firearms may only be handled outside of instructor supervision in SAFE AREAs. No ammunition may be handled in safe areas.
*BREAKING THE 180 will result in being ejected from the class. This means never pointing your gun uprange (defined as an invisible line parallel to the berm).
*Keeping your finger in the trigger guard when you’re not engaging targets is not allowed.
*Dropping or losing control of the gun will result in ejection.
*Negligent discharges will result in ejection.

-This is a non-comprehensive list of red flags that we look for when it comes to live fire equipment:

*Strange or super old makes/models of firearms. Our instructors have seen a lot of guns, so if we don’t recognize yours then chances are it probably doesn’t run very well.
*Removed trigger guard (really?).
*Novice shooting a hyper modified gun with a 1.5lb trigger, magwell, crazy recoil spring kit, some enormous “defensive” sight, compensator, and serrations everywhere.
*”Custom 1911″ which has a failure to feed on the first magazine.
*Certain retention holsters. We are especially wary of SERPAs due to the number of accidents we’ve seen with button disengagement.

These are generally things which we hope you’ll bring:

*Friction retention holster. (Even the cheapo kydex Uncle Mikes works.)
*Functional, factory or lightly modified firearm. Trigger (3.5lbs), sights, and grip tape.
*Stiff, sturdy belt which doesn’t flop around when you draw.
*Enough magazines to shoot the drills (at least four).
*Reliable ammunition. It can be reloads. As long as it runs, you’re good.

Generally speaking, Technical classes focus on marksmanship with live ammunition, while Practical classes focus on tactics and mindset with UTM rounds against an opposing force. Some classes contain both; for example, a day of live-fire at the range followed by another indoors at the shoothouse. (These classes are typically listed under the “Practical” category for the purposes of scheduling.)

We strongly believe that marksmanship training and tactics are unique skills to be trained. The former is about hitting targets with the maximum amount of speed and accuracy (while setting up in the best ergonomic position to do so given the conditions). The latter is about using cover, situational awareness, and what to do as a member of a team. Just because you’re good at one doesn’t mean you’ll be good at the other, and your goals will dictate which you practice more. A competitive shooter might want to be able to clear a plate rack from 12 yards in under 2.5 seconds from the draw or burn down an IPSC stage, but not care a single bit about making room entries. A defensive shooter might direct his/her energy towards learning the martial art of shooting, but not care a single bit about pushing the envelope of speed and accuracy, especially as it relates to winning matches.

Ultimately it’s all about what you care to learn, and where you want to spend your time and money. At Threat Scenarios, we respect all types of skills and believe in challenging ourselves to go outside of our comfort zones- whether that’s competing in a match, or hashing it out with UTMs in a shoothouse.

IMPORTANT NOTE: In Live-Fire classes, we strictly enforce the “180 rule” when it comes to pointing a firearm uprange. However, the shoothouse employs 360 degree fields of fire, unless otherwise indicated by an instructor.

Our scenarios classes typically begin with some sort of narrative description of where you are, and what’s happened prior to the situation. For example, we might tell you that it’s late and you’re walking home from work, or you’re at home asleep in your bed. We will then identify known friendlies in the area, such as your spouse, your co-worker, or people who you would ordinarily recognize at first glance (without wearing face protection). These known friendlies will be clearly dressed in bright blue attire. Everyone else who you’re not supposed to have an existing relationship with will be dressed appropriately.

Once you have the situation in your mind, and possibly some form of weapon (like a UTM converted firearm), we send you in, and it’s up to you to figure out what to do next. This is not Hogan’s Alley. Targets don’t just pop out for you to shoot. They will react to what you do and what you say.

Each scenario has multiple paths. It’s possible for some scenarios to be solved without any force or violence, or for the very same ones to devolve into massive shootouts. It depends on what YOU do. Use your words and your mind (and your weapon if necessary) to get out of the scenario safely.

Once you’re done, we’ll debrief your decisions with the rest of the group. There is not necessarily a right way and a wrong way to complete a scenario. As an example, if someone holds you up and asks for your wallet, giving him the wallet and walking away is one potential solution. Another may be drawing a firearm. Each person is different and has different priorities, fears, and biases. But being able to critically think about yourself and your plan in context is the takeaway.

Threat Scenarios teaches only defensive tactics to civilians, but offers more diverse solutions to law enforcement and military clients.

“Defensive tactics” generally means sticking to smaller groups and scenarios which a regular person might encounter in daily life. The ability to work and communicate seamlessly with a partner is extremely important, and this will be the focus. Environments may include a home, an office, or a commercial establishment.

Our objective is to train civilians to think about their surroundings and maximize their safety in dangerous situations, not to be offensive “warriors.” Therefore, we will not teach advanced military and police style tactics to civilians.

We use Ultimate Training Munitions (UTM) ammunition in dedicated converted Glock 17s (iron sights) and AR-15s (red-dot). After working with both Simunitions and Speer Force on Force, we believe UTMs to be the best performing stuff on the market. Jams are rarely encountered, and UTMs are the most accurate out of anything we’ve previously used. Here are the specs:

Pistol Accuracy: 50mm (1.97in) at 10m/11yds – 335fps

Rifle Accuracy: 50mm (1.97in) at 25m/27yds – 375fps

Our converted guns are dedicated to UTM ONLY. Live ammunition cannot be loaded into the chambers of either our pistols or our rifles. Our rifles use bright blue dedicated magazines which are only capable of accepting UTM rounds (live fire rounds WILL NOT FIT in the magazine). Additionally, a UTM conversion means that the firing mechanism of both the rifle and handgun will only operate UTM designed rounds, and cannot fire centerfire ammunition.

Furthermore, all weapons are clearly marked with UTM blue slides and bolts so that they can be recognized at a glance.

UTMs are non-lethal marking projectiles which travel at speeds between 335fps (pistol) and 375fps (rifle). To ensure the safety of our clients, we provide everyone with full UTM certified face, neck, and groin protection, along with gloves and a helmet.

We believe that when you are participating in defensive training, there should be a pain penalty for getting shot. Additionally, we don’t want to send anyone home for forgetting to bring the right clothing. As such, we provide all students with full body jumpsuits and a complimentary T-Shirt so that the level of protection is standardized. All you have to bring is closed toe shoes and socks.

So does it hurt? Well yeah, but it’s not that bad. It hits like a paintball (some say a little better, some say a little worse) and will leave a welt or a mark for a couple days. All of our instructors have been shot hundreds of times (mostly by students in crossfire). And honestly, if you’re afraid of getting hit, then don’t get hit!

All students must be at least 18 years old. If you’re over 18 but under 21, then someone legally responsible for the guns that you have with you must be present.

The only exception to this rule is if you’re taking a class which does not require you to bring your own weapon (scenarios only) and you’re active duty military (you will be required to bring ID). In this case, just email us and explain your situation.

As mentioned several times throughout this website, taking a Threat Scenarios class involves a number of risks, is inherently dangerous, and requires that the client be physically able to move safely throughout the shoothouse and handle a firearm safely on a range.

With the above being said, we will do everything we can to accommodate your disability. For more specifics, please contact us.

Absolutely! We are happy to tailor a class to your requirements. We can accommodate anything from a person looking for one-on-one coaching up to a corporate event.

Please contact us with your requirements and we’ll work with you to set something up.

Our online payment interface only allows for one student to be booked at once. This is because we need to ensure that all students in a class have agreed to our Rules and our Liability Waiver. Additionally, we need to have information on all of our students to ensure that people are not booking spots for individuals in prohibited categories (like felons) under an assumed name.

If you’d like to book a large group, please Contact Us.

We do not allow payments via check or cash at this time.

We will not honor any promises to “pay the instructor at the class.” Furthermore, we will not “hold a spot for you” while waiting to get paid. This policy exists to prevent no-shows and the all too common “my wife needs a ride to the airport” excuses at the last minute. Additionally, paying online means that you’ve accepted our Liability Waiver and Rules.

Threat Scenarios restricts the capture of photos and video according to the following conditions:

-Photos or video are not allowed in the shoothouse space at any time.

-Photos and video may be taken in the participant lounge area between scenarios or training sessions (Novato facility) and may be taken at our live-fire range.

-Photos and video of confidential materials (including, but not limited to, class presentations, lecture, training materials, floorplans, or other proprietary documentation) are not allowed.

-Photos and video of other students are not allowed without their consent.

-Geotagging must be disabled on any photos or video taken at our facility.

If you are unsure of whether or not taking a photo or video is permissible, please ask an instructor first.

For student cancellations, we require at least one week’s notice prior to any cancellation in order to receive a full refund. This is because it’s very difficult for us to fill spots which open right before a class. If you attempt to cancel within a week of the class, then it is entirely within the discretion of Threat Scenarios to grant a refund of any kind. If you wish to cancel, please contact us.

Threat Scenarios reserves the right to cancel or reschedule any classes offered at our sole discretion. In the event of a cancelled or rescheduled class, we will attempt to notify students as early as possible, but at least one week prior to the class date at the latest. Should a class be cancelled or rescheduled, students will be eligible to receive an immediate full refund for their class fee.

IN CONSIDERATION of being permitted to participate in any way in the force on force training activities of THREAT SCENARIOS, LLC, I acknowledge, appreciate, and agree that:

1. The risk of injury from the activity and weaponry (including, but not limited to UTM converted firearms, blank firing guns, and dulled or prop weapons such as bats and knives) involved in force on force training is significant, including the potential for permanent disability and death, and while particular protective equipment and personal discipline will minimize this risk, the risk of serious injury does exist.

2. I KNOWINGLY AND FREELY ASSUME ALL SUCH RISKS, both known and unknown, EVEN IF ARISING FROM THE NEGLIGENCE of those persons released from liability below, and assume full responsibility for my participation.

3. I understand that the activities of force on force training are physically and mentally intense. Risks associated with participating in force on force training include, but are not limited to, the risk of injury resulting from possible malfunction of the equipment used in the force on force training and injuries resulting from tripping or falling over obstacles in the force on force training venue. In addition, I recognize that the exertion of force on force training could result in injury or death. I understand and will comply with all rules and regulations set forth by THREAT SCENARIOS, LLC in the course of this training. If I observe any unusual or unnecessary hazard during my participation, I will bring such to the attention of the nearest THREAT SCENARIOS, LLC representative as soon as practical; and will immediately act to halt the training so that THREAT SCENARIOS, LLC personnel can correct it.

4. I, for myself and on behalf of my heirs, assigns, personal representatives and next of kin, HEREBY RELEASE AND HOLD HARMLESS THREAT SCENARIOS, LLC, the owners and lessors of premises used to conduct the force on force training, and their officers, officials, agents and/or employees (“Releasees”), WITH RESPECT TO ANY AND ALL INJURY, DISABILITY, DEATH, or loss or damage to person or property, WHETHER CAUSED BY THE NEGLIGENCE OF THE RELEASEES OR OTHERWISE, except that which is the result of gross negligence and/or wanton misconduct.

5. I understand and agree that this Release of Liability Agreement covers each and every THREAT SCENARIOS, LLC force on force training or event in which I participate hereafter.

6. I hereby grant permission to THREAT SCENARIOS, LLC to use my photographic likeness captured during the course of any THREAT SCENARIOS, LLC force on force training in all forms and media for advertising, trade, and any other lawful purposes.

7. I understand that by participating in a Threat Scenarios event, I may be provided or be exposed to certain Confidential Information concerning the business or affairs of Threat Scenarios or its affiliates, including without limitation, financial information and reports, business or class plans, design and construction plans, facility location, customer lists, employee data, forecasts, strategies, and all other proprietary business information.

I agree to hold this Confidential Information in the strictest confidence, and will not, without Threat Scenarios express consent, use, divulge, copy, release, sell, loan or otherwise reveal such Confidential Information to others.